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Full text of "IS 9554: Lubricants for Open Gears"

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Disclosure to Promote the Right To Information 

Whereas the Parliament of India has set out to provide a practical regime of right to 
information for citizens to secure access to information under the control of public authorities, 
in order to promote transparency and accountability in the working of every public authority, 
and whereas the attached publication of the Bureau of Indian Standards is of particular interest 
to the public, particularly disadvantaged communities and those engaged in the pursuit of 
education and knowledge, the attached public safety standard is made available to promote the 
timely dissemination of this information in an accurate manner to the public. 




Mazdoor Kisan Shakti Sangathan 
"The Right to Information, The Right to Live" 



IS 9554 (1980): Lubricants for Open Gears [PCD 3: 
Petroleum, Lubricants and their Related Products] 




Jawaharlal Nehru 
'Step Out From the Old to the New' 



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Satyanarayan Gangaram Pitroda 
Invent a New India Using Knowledge 



Bhartrhari — Nitisatakam 
"Knowledge is such a treasure which cannot be stolen" 




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BLANK PAGE 



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PROTECTED BY COPYRIGHT 



IS: 0554 -1080 



Indian Standard 

SPECIFICATION FOR 
LUBRICANTS FOR OPEN GEARS 



( First Reprint JANUARY 1998 ) 



UDC 621.892 : 621.833 



© Copyright 1980 

BUREAU OF INDIAN STANDARDS 

MANAK BHAVAN, 9 BAHADUR SHAH ZAFAR MARG 
NEW DELHI 110002 



Gr 3 October 1980 



IS t 9554 - 1980 

Indian Standard 

SPECIFICATION FOR 
LUBRICANTS FOR OPEN GEARS 

Lubricants and Related Products Sectional Committee, PCDG 4 

Chairman Rtprtstnting 

Dr J. S. Ahluwalia Indian Oil Corporation Ltd ( Research & Develop- 

ment Centre ), Faridabad 

Mtmbtrs 

Dr G. Jayarama Rao {•AlttrnaU Co 
Dr J. S. Ahluwalia ) 
Da N. T. Baddi Association of Manufacturers of Petroleum Speciali- 

ties, Bombay 

Shri R. Ckakravartt ( AlttrnaU ) 
Shri M. Bhadra Inter-Plant Standardization in Steel Industry, 

Subcommittee on Oils and Lubricants, IPSS 1 : 9 
Shri P. N. Bbambi Indian Institute of Petroleum, Dehra Dun 

Shri Sudhir Sinohal ( AlttrnaU ) 
Shri M. K. Bbarqaya Petroleum Re-refiners Association of India, Madras 

Shri Shantilal Daya ( AlttrnaU ) 
Shri S. R. Bhatnaoar Castrol Ltd, Bombay 

Shri K. S. Shevaob ( AlttrnaU ) 
Dr K. S. Bhattaoharaya Ministry of Defence 

Shri A. K. Sinha ( AlttrnaU ) 
Shri B. K. Chapba Central Institute of Road Transport ( Training & 

Research ), Pune 

Shri M. H. Narurkar ( AlttrnaU ) 
Dr J. P. Dalal Lubrizol India Ltd, Bombay 

Shri P. P. Naoarkar ( AlttrnaU ) 
Shri V. V. Dani National Test House, Calcutta 

Shri G. C. Goswami Assam Oil Co Ltd, Digboi 

Shri A. V. Krishnan ( AlttrnaU ) 
Shri Hameed Jaffrey Petrosil Oil Co Ltd, Bombay 

Shri P. N. Sitaraman ( AUtrnatt ) 
Joint Dirbctor ( Chbm ), Railway Board ( Ministry of Railways ) 
RDSO, Lucknow 

Assistant Director ( LUB ), 
RDSO, Lucbnow ( AUtrnatt ) 
Shri O. K. Junrja Bharat Petroleum Corporation Ltd, Bombay 

Shri P. D. Pubi ( MUrnatt ) 
Shri S. K. Kale Bhilai Steel Plant ( SAIL ), Bhilai 

Shri J. L. Grover ( AUtrnatt ) 

( Continutd §n pagt 2 ) 



© Copyright 1980 
BUREAU ""OF INDIAN. STANDARDS 
This publication is protected under the Indian Copyright Act ( XIV of 1957 ) and 
reproduction in whole or in part by any means except with written permission of the 
publisher shall be deemed to be an infringement of copyright under the said Act. 



IS t 9554 - 1980 

3. REQUIREMENTS 

3.1 General Requirements 

3.1.1 The materia] shall be homogeneous and shall, if heating is required 
for application, return to substantially the same homogeneous state after 
heating as before heating, that is, it shall be heat reversible. 

3.1.2 The material shall be compatible with other lubricants used for 
open gears. 

3.1.3 The material shall not contain grit, abrasive matter, or other 
similar deleterious impurities. 

3.1*4 The material may contain solid lubricants like graphite ( u$ 
IS: 495-1967* ), molybdenum disulphide, etc. 

3.2 Specific Requirements 

3.2.1 The material shall also comply with the requirements prescribed 
in Table 1, when tested according to the methods described in the rele- 
vant appendix to this standard and 'P* series of IS: 1448|. Reference to 
the relevant method of test is given in col 7 and 8 of Table 1. 

3.3 Special Requirements for EP Type Lubricants — When extreme 
pressure characteristics are .required the lubricants shall contain EP 
additives and shall pass the Timken O.K. Load Test with a minimum 
value of 18kg as described in IS : 1448 ( P : )J, with certain modifications 
with test procedure as agreed to between the purchaser and the supplier. 

4. PACKING AND MARRING 

4.1 Packing — The material shall be supplied in suitable containers as 
agreed to between the purchaser and the supplier. 

4.2 Marking — Each container shall be marked with the following 
information: 

a) Name and grade of the material; 

b) Manufacturer's name, initials or trade-mark, if any; 

c) Quantity of the contents; and 

d) Year of manufacture. 

•Specification for graphite flake for lubricants (fint revision ). 

fMethodrof ten for petroleum and its products. 

JUnder preparation. Till such time it is publiihed ASTM 2509-1977 Measurement 
6f extreme-pressure properties of lubricating grease ( Timken Method ) mav be 
followed. * 7 



AMENDMENT NO.l OCTOBER 1988 

TO 

IS:9554-1980 SPECIFICATION FOR LUBRICANTS 
FOR OPEN GEARS 



(Page 4 3 clause 3.3) - Add the following new 
clause after 3*3: 

•3.U Keeping Quality (Shelf Life) - The material when 
stored in original sealed containers under normal 
temperature conditions in shade shall retain the 
properties described under 3 for a period not less 
than one year from the date of the delivery of the 
product with the provisions that the testing has to 
be done on the homogenized sample. 1 



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IS : 9554 - 1980 
4.2*1 Each container may also be marked with Standard mark. 

4&2 The use of the Standard Mark is govered by the provisions of the 
Bureau of Indian Standards Act, 1986 and the Rules and Regulations made 
thereunder. The details of conditions under which the licence for the use of 
Standard Mark may be granted to manufacturers or producers may be obtained 
from the Bureau of Indian Standards. 



5. SAMPLING 

5.1 The representative samples of the material shall be drawn as pres- 
cribed in IS : 1447-1966*. 

5.2 All the requirements given in the specification shall be tested on the 
composite sample. 

5.3 The lot shall be declared as conforming to the requirements of the 
specification, if all the test results on the composite sample satisfy the 
relevant requirements given in the specification. 

APPENDIX A 

( Table 1 ) 

HOMOGENEITY TEST 

A-l. SCOPE 

A-l.l This method describes a procedure for the determination of the 

homogeneity of asphaltic materials derived from petroleum. 

A-2. TERMINOLOGY 

A-2.1 Homogeneous Sample — A sample is considered to be 
completely homogeneous if it produces a i negative ' result when 
subjected to the specified conditions of this test. 

A-2.2 Negative Result — A result is considered to be 'negative' if the 
stain produced in accordance with the conditions prescribed for the test is 
uniformly brown and shows no evidence of streakiness. 
A-2.3 Positive Result — A result is considered to be 'positive* if the 
stain produced in accordance with the conditions prescribed for the test is 
brown or yellowish-brown in colour, with a darker solid or annular 
nucleus in the centre. 

A-3. OUTLINE OP THE METHOD 

A-3.1 The sample is dispersed in petroleum naphtha under specified 
conditions. A drop of the dispersion is spotted on filter paper and the 

*vf*»KoH« of tamDling of petroleum and its products. 



IS $ 9554 * 1980 

suiting stain is examined for uniformity after 5 minutes and again after 
I? hours. 

-4. APPARATUS AND MATERIALS 

-4.1 The following apparatus and materials are required: 

a) Flask — 50 ml capacity, flat-bottom, with base diameter of 
approximately 45 mm and overall height of approximately 60mm. 

b) Cork Stopper — Suitable for the 50-ml flask, fitted with a 200 ml 
length of 6 mm outer diameter glass tubing. 

c) Petroleum Naphtha — It shall be straight-run overhead distillate 
free from cracked products of any kind, conforming to the 
following requirements: 

1) Distillation 

i) Initial boiling point, 9 C Above 149 

ii) 50 percent evaporation point, °C 168 to 180 
in) End point, °G, Max 210 

2) Aniline point, °G 59 to 63 

A-5. PROCEDURE 

A-5.1 In the 50-mi flask weigh 2 to 4 g of the sample. Carefully heat 
the flask until the material flows readily. Spread the sample in a thin 
film covering the bottom and lower portion of the flask. Allow to cool 
to room temperature. Pipette into the flask 10 ml of petroleum naphtha 
and immediately insert the cork stopper with its length of glass tubing. 

A-5.2 Swirl the flask with a rapid circular motion for 5 seconds, and then 
immerse to its neck in a bath of gently boiling water. Allow the llask to 
remain in the water for 60 seconds, remove from the bath and swirl again 
for 5 seconds. Repeat the heating for 60 seconds and swirling for 
5 seconds a further seven times or until the sample is completely 
dispersed. 

A-5.3 After complete dispersion, as judged by tilting the flask, lower the 
glass tube below the surface of the solution and allow the flask to cool for 
30 minutes at room temperature. Re-warm the dispersion of the sample for 
15 minutes in a water bath maintained at 38*0°C ± 0*5°C. Remove the 
flask from the water bath and thoroughly stir the mixture with a clean 
glass stirring rod. Use the stirring rod to place one drop of the warm 
mixture on a 70 mm filter paper ( Whatman No. 50 or equivalent ), 
placed on a clean smooth glass plate. 

A-5.4 After 5 minutes examine the spot by holding the paper at arm's 
length. The plane of the paper should be approximately at right angles 
to the line of vision, with a good light source ( preferably diffused 
daylight ) at the observer's back. Report a brown or yellowish-brown 
circular stain with a darker solid or annular nucleus in the centre as 
' positive \ However, if the drop forms a uniformly brown stain, reserve 



IS (9554-1980 

judgement, tightly stopper and set aside the flask in subdued light for 
re-examination 24 hours later. 

A-5.5 After 24 hours, re-warm the mixture for 15 minutes in a bath 
maintained at 38*0 ±05°C as before. Stir vigorously to ensure uniformity 
and place a drop on the filter paper. Examine the spot after 5 minutes 
as described in A-5.4. Report a uniformly brown circular, stain, as 
•negative*. However, if the drop from the 24 hours old mixture forms a 
brown or yellowish* brown stain, witha darker solid or annular nucleus 
in the centre, report the result as 'positive'. 

A-6. REPORTING 

A-6.1 The material shall be reported as having passed the test if a 
'negative result 9 is obtained in both A-5.4 and A-5.5. Otherwise the 
material shall be reported as having not passed the test. 

A-7. PRECISION 

A-7.1 No data are available on the precision of this test. 



APPENDIX B 

( Table 1 ) 

DETERMINATION OF MATTER SOLUBLE IN CARBON 
DISULPHIDE 

B-l. REAGENTS AND MATERIALS 

B-l.l The following reagents and materials are required: 

a) Carbon disulphide — redistilled; and 

b) Asbestos — Gooch crucible quality. 

B-2. PREPARATION OF MATERIAL 

B-2.1 If the material contains water, heat it to a temperature not 
exceeding 130*C, until the water has been removed, stirring constantly 
when possible during heating. Perform this operation as expeditiously 
as possible. 

B-.3 PREPARATION OF GOOCH CRUCIBLE 

B-3.1 Insert the filter tube in the stopper of the filtering flask, set the 
Gooch crucible in the filter tube, and connect the flask to the suction 
pump. Fill the crucible with some of the suspension of asbestos in water, 
allow it to settle partly i/i the crucible and apply a light suction to draw 
off water, leaving a firm mat of asbestos in the crucible. Add more 
suspended asbestos and repeat the process until a mat weighing 
0?5 afc 0*1 g is built up after drying. Wash the asbestos mat thoroughly 



IS i 9554 -1980 

Nith water and dry in the oven at a temperature of 150°6. Cool the 
:rucible in the desiccator, weigh and replace it in the dry filter tube 
supported in the clean* dry filtering flask. 

B-3.1.1 In the determination, the asbestos apparently absorbs 
irreversibly a small amount of soluble bitumeq (usually 1 to 5 mg per 
gram of asbestos ) which is not removed by a subsequent washing with 
solvent. The mass of asbestos used, therefore, shall be kept within the 
specified limits to ensure reproducible results. 

B-4. PROCEDURE 

B-4.1 Weigh about 2 g of the dry material correct to the nearest 0*001 g 
into a 200 ml conical flask and add 100 ml of carbon disulphide. Stir 
the content of the flask, and then allow It to stand, loosely corked, for a 
period of one hour. Filter the contents of the flask through the Gooch 
crucible prepared as described under B-3.1, which has been weighed to 
the nearest 0*001 g. Moisten the asbestos pad with carbon disulphide 
before commencing filtration, and filter at a rate of not more than two 
drops per second at first. The filtrate shall be quite clear. Transfer the 
insoluble matter remaining in the flask to the crucible by washing out 
the flask with a stream of carbon disulphide from a wash bottle. Wash 
the material retained in the crucible with successive small amounts of 
carbon disulphide until a filtrate is obtained which is not discoloured. 
Allow the crucible to dry in air for 30 minutes, after which place it in 
an oven at 100° to 110°C for one hour. Allow the crucible to cool in 
a desiccator and then weigh. 

B-5. CALCULATION AND REPORTING 
B-5.1 Calculate the matter soluble in carbon disulphide as follows: 
Matter soluble in carbon disulphide, 

percent by mass =* Ml ~~ M * x 100 

M\ 

where 

M\ =» mass in g of the dry sample taken for the test, and 

Mi « mass in g of the insoluble material retained in the 
crucible. 

B-5.2 Report the result obtained in B-5.1 to the nearest 0*05 percent as 
the matter soluble in carbon disulphide of the dry material. 

B-6. PRECISION 

B-6.1 The following criteria shpuld be used for judging the acceptability 
of results ( 95 percent probability ): 

Percent by Mast 
Repeatability 0*05 

Reproducibility 0'10 

9 



554 • 1980 

( Continutd from pagt 2 ) 

Mtmbtrt Rtprt anting 

Shri I. Chandra Assam Oil Co Ltd, Dig bo i 

Shri A. V. Krishna* ( AlUrnaU ) 
Shri B. K. Chapra Central Institute of Road Transport ( Training k 

Research ), Pune 
Shri M. H. Narurxar ( AlUrnaU ) 
Shri T. Dasoupta National Oil Company, Calcutta 

Shri S. N. Banerjeb ( Alternate) 
Shri M. L. Diddib National Test House, Calcutta 

Shri S. P. Gupta Directorate General of Mines Safety, Dhanbad 

Shri P. L. Arora ( Alternatt ) 
Shri Hambed Jaffrby Petrotil Oil Co Ltd, Bombay 

Shri P. N. Sitaraman ( AlUrnaU ) 
Shri A. Majumdar Indian Oil Corporation Ltd ( Marketing Division ), 

Bombay 
Shri N. C. MavAni Lubrizol India Ltd, Bombay 

Shri S. A. Dhir ( AlUrnau ) 
Shri N. D. Mitra Rourkela Steel Plant ( SAIL ), Rourkela 

Shri R. Mubhrbji Indian Oil Blending Ltd, Bombay 

Shri M. J. Shah ( AlUrnaU ) 
Shri J. R. Nanda Indian Oil Corporation Ltd ( Research & Develop* 

mem Centre ), Faridabad 

Shri M. C. Sachdbva ( AlUrnaU ) 
Shri P. D. Puri Bharat Petrolueum Corporation Ltd, Bombay 

Shri O. K. Junbja ( Alternate ) 
Dr A. Skthuramiah Indian Institute of Petroleum, Dehra Dun 

Shri V. K. Jain ( AlUrnaU ) 
Shri A. K. Sinha Ministry of Defence 

Shri M. S. Sultania ( AlUrnaU ) 
Shri I. C. Sinha Bokaro Steel Plant ( SAIL ), Bokaro Steel City 

Shri K. P, Kamath ( Alternate ) 
Shri T. V. Varohebh Madras Refineries Ltd, Madras 

Shri P. Bhaskara Mbhon ( Alternate ) 
Shri V. Vibwanath Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Ltd ( Visakh 

Marketing Unit ), Bombay 



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